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GreenStep City Best Practices Transportation

Demand-Side Travel Planning
no. 14

Implement Travel Demand Management and Transit-Oriented Design in service of a more walkable city.
  Best Practice Action 3      [ 1 2 3 4 5 ]       [all actions]

For cities with regular transit service, require or provide incentives for the siting of higher density housing at transit/density nodes.

  • Minnesota Housing's Land Acquisition for Affordable New Development (LAAND) program provides loan financing for affordable housing projects that are proximate to public transit.
  • See also implementation tools for action 14.2
  • Regular transit (as opposed to dial-a-ride service) includes fixed route service and deviated fixed-route service (where buses may stray roughly 1 miles from a fixed route): established times and stops available at least 9 hours/day, 5 days/week.
Aim for 7 to 8 dwelling units per acre (DUA), the minimum (population) required to economically support a bus line running at least once an hour through such a neighborhood.
Aim for 15 DUA, the minimum required to economically support a bus line providing service every 10 minutes through such a neighborhood.
Establish a transit overlay district; aim for 9 and 30 DUA, the minimum required to economically support, respectively, light rail and rail service running through such a neighborhood.


Date action report first entered:   12/08/2017
Date of last report update:   12/08/2017
Year action initially completed:   2011
Action completed after joining GreenStep?   No

Implementation details:
The City of Fridley adopted a Transit Overlay District in 2011 to promote higher density, pedestrian-oriented development within 1/2 mile ofthe NorthStar train station. The overlay district is based on the underlying zoning which is comprised of commercial, single family residential, multi-family residential and parkland, but additionally allows for mixed use development. The design standards include setback maximums (and allows zero lot line developments), parking reductions from the underlying zoning, and requires sidewalks. A master plan for this area was approved by the Fridley City Council in 2014, which incorporates regional stormwater treatment, increased parkland, and design elements to emphasize the areas location near the Mississippi River.

Descriptive links: http://www.ci.fridley.mn.us/DocumentCenter/Home/View/497             view file

For more information contact:
Rachel Workin (City staff)   |   rachel.workin@fridleymn.gov   |   763-572-3594

View All Fridley Actions


Date action report first entered:   03/21/2011

Implementation details:
Currently, the City provides incentives in the form of tax increment financing and other State and County grants for the siting of higher density housing. Higher density housing will also develop around the LRT station, which will provide residents easy access to transit.

Descriptive links: http://www.hopkinsmn.com/development/plan/pdf/08-transportation.pdf

For more information contact:
Kersten Elverum (City staff)   |   kelverum@hopkinsmn.com   |   952-548-6340

View All Hopkins Actions


Date action report first entered:   08/01/2011

Implementation details:
62.652 Medium Density Residential Development: The criteria listed in this paragraph will be considered in granting bonus density in the R-3 zoning districts: 1. Making provisions in the development for integration of double wide or other types of manufactured housing with site built dwellings. 2. Energy Conservation: Site design and building orientation laid out in such a manner so as to reduce or provide for the potential reduction in energy consumption. Features to be considered are: 1. The placement of higher densities on south facing slopes; 2. Taller buildings sighted towards the north portion of the site, but with sufficient setback so as not to shade properties to the north. 3. The criteria listed in Paragraph 62.657. 4. The criteria listed in Paragraph 62.658. 62.653 High Density Residential Development: The criteria listed in this will be considered in granting bonus density in the R-4 and CDC-Residential zoning districts: 1. A minimum of one parking space per unit is enclosed within a structure on the site or is located within 100 feet of the site and linked to the building by means of an enclosed walkway or other enclosed passage. 2. Architectural features designed to enhance the livability and amenity of the dwelling units, either individually or collectively, are included in the building design. Features to be considered are: 1. The use of increased setbacks, above the minimum ordinance requirement, along at least sixty (60%) percent of the walls; 2. The provision of observation decks or rooftop terraces; 3. The provision of balconies or other private outdoor spaces for the use of individual residences; or 4. The design of common open space on the lot in such a manner that direct sunlight reaches the space during the majority of the daylight hours. 3. Inclusion in the project of pedestrian oriented amenities such as designated off-street loading zones, heated or covered sidewalks, and multiple building entrances. 4. Provision of streetscape improvements by the developer, including boulevard landscaping, street lighting, or sitting areas where appropriate. 5. Security conscious design incorporating features such as elevators that are visible from adjacent public spaces, outdoor spaces that are visible from the lobby or the dwelling units, and the lighting of parking areas. 6. The criteria listed in Paragraph 62.657. 7. The criteria listed in Paragraph 62.658.

For more information contact:
Jeff Ellerbusch (City staff)   |   ellerbusch.jeff@CO.OLMSTED.MN.US   |   507-328-7132

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pending means a star rating has not yet been assigned to this city

greenstep advisor
Jessica Treat, Executive Director, Move Minnesota: 651-789-1405, JessicaT@movemn.org, http://www.movemn.org