Adopt development policies for large-format developments, zoning for auto-oriented commercial districts at the sub-urban edge and/or in tightly defined and smaller urban development corridors/nodes that have some bike/walk/transit access.
While some cities nationwide have placed bans or size caps on large format retail developments, Ferndale, WA established, by ordinance, a three-pronged approach to retail development, including big-box stores, which includes a scorecard called EAGLE (Energy efficiency, Advanced technologies, Greater good, Low impact, Economic development).
For example, the agreement between Inver Grove Heights and WalMart states that if the store closes, WalMart has three years to remarket the store or return the site to its pre-development condition.
The large size of suburban commercial developments can facilitate low-impact development, such as near-zero run-off at Argenta Hills, a 120-acre commercial and residential site in Inver Grove Heights.
Adopt zoning language that defines auto-oriented land uses and limits such a zoning district to the sub-urban edge; adopt a size cap; require decommissioning in the zoning district or with the development agreement for vacant big box developments; plan for at least 1 EV charging station.
Complement an auto-oriented commercial zoning district in the sub-urban zone with commercial/mixed-use zoning districts in the urban zone that can rely on bike/walk/transit access and that prohibit, or severely restrict, auto-oriented land uses; require a decommissioning bond to be posted as a condition of rezoning, subdivision, or building permit for chain-specific big-box developments.
Adopt an adequate public facilities ordinance that stages commercial development concurrently with infrastructure and residential or transit expansion; adopt a scorecard system for big-box approval that covers economic, environmental and social dimensions; ban big-box development.
Who's doing it
Big Lake - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2005
The City steers most auto-oriented uses towards our B-3 General Business Zoning District. Our B-2 district, which is mostly the old downtown, prohibits some of the more objectionable auto-oriented uses. Our draft Land Use Plan calls for the establishment of a “Town Center” Zoning District. This Town Center Zoning District is proposed to have a blanket prohibition on auto-oriented uses (gas stations, auto repair, drive throughs, etc.). Our Downtown Design Standards set design goals for a huge swath of our community including areas that are fairly auto-oriented.
The City of Elk River has adopted a highway commercial district. It is described in section 30-1024 of the city code. The purpose of the C-3 highway commercial district is to recognize the need for commercial establishments on or serving with immediate access to major highways. Permitted land uses should take advantage of the highway access in a manner which other business districts are not afforded. It closely follows D-F of the model ordinance.
Pierz has updated the zoning map for both a Community Commercial district and Highway Commercial district. The purpose of the Community Commercial district states: It is the intent of this district to provide for the establishment of commercial and service activities, which draw from, and serve customers from the community and its surrounding areas. And the purpose of the Highway Commercial district states: It is the intent of this district to provide for and limit the establishment of automobile oriented or dependent commercial and service activities. Both have permitted uses and potential conditional uses that are specific to those districts.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
This has helped ensure that Pierz has separate districts that have the proper infrastructure for the desired businesses and that people who frequent those businesses are able to easily access all common businesses within those districts.
Four limited access freeways run adjacent to or through the City (I-494, I-35W, Hwy 62, and Hwy 77). Although the historic development pattern in the vicinity of freeway access ramps has been auto-oriented, the City's Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Code calls for mixed use and medium-to-high-density residential along the I-494 corridor consistent with the adopted "I-494 Corridor Master Plan."
Rochester and Olmsted County have implemented access management ordinances.
c. Adequate Public Facilities ordinance that stages highway commercial development concurrently with infrastructure expansion. Rochester has implemented adopted an adequate public facilities standard as part of its Zoning Ordinance and Land Development Manual. http://www.ci.rochester.mn.us/departments/planning_zoning/chapter64/64130ADEQUATEPUBLICFACILITIESSTANDARDS.asp
The city's zoning code has design standards that limit auto use. The Comprehensive Plan states in the Land Use section that the policy is to promote and support transit oriented development and redevelopment near existing and future transit corridors. A further goal is to consider increased densities in new residential developments to reduce housing costs and attract transit oriented development.
The City of St. Cloud adopted the C-5 Highway Commercial Zoning District as a part of the Land Development Code. The purpose of the Highway Commercial District is to provide an area of service facilities to the motoring public adjacent to arterial traffic routes as defined in the Comprehensive Transportation Plan.
The most recent Comprehensive Plan completely removed the previously used "Auto-Oriented Commercial" land use and reclassified these areas primarily into Neighborhood Mixed Use, Central Business, and Neighborhood Commercial in an attempt to move away from auto-oriented land use and encourage more mixed-use and compact development. The majority of the Mixed Use-Commercial zones -which include traditional retail such as malls and big box stores-are located on the outskirts of the city along the main highway corridors.