The MPCA's Tools for local government page has 33 ordinance & licensing BMPs (best management practices) grouped into “good,” “better” and “best.” The goal of implementing a mix of these BMPs is to improve the effectiveness and legal compliance of a city's solid waste services, be they city-run or hauler-run. Documents to help cities adopt these actions are license templates, a hauler services agreement template, and three Request for Proposal frameworks.
Resource management contracts between a waste contractor and a waste generator place the economic value of the contract on resource conservation services rather than on mere pick-up/disposal volume. MPCA has developed templates for RFPs and contracts that both cities, and commercial entities, can use to secure a superior contract.
Report implementation of at least 3 "good" ordinance & licensing BMPs (e.g., license haulers, designate a preferred waste processing facility); promote use of resource management contracts (RMC-covering recycling and trash) by businesses in your city; report city use of a RMC for government operations.
Report implementation of at least 3 "better" ordinance & licensing BMPs (e.g., develop administrative solid waste standards, cap # of residential trash hauler licenses, require haulers to offer bulky waste/yard waste services) from the web page above; report waste reduction (% or tons, per year) via a RMC with schools, libraries, parks, municipal health care facilities.
Report implementation of at least 3 "best" ordinance & licensing BMPs (e.g., min. market share to maintain hauler license, roll-off licensing, fees, ID, placement) from the web page above; report waste reduction (% or tons, per year) via a RMC with at least one larger venue, such as a manufacturer or a conference center. Document business energy/water efficiency under best practice action 2.4
Who's doing it
Elko New Market - 3 star
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The City has a license limit of 3 haulers to serve residents in the City. The number was recently lowered from 4 haulers. Each hauler must offer recycling and free yard waste pickup twice a year, plus be involved in the City's Annual Dropoff Day (2cd Saturday in June each year). They are required to report recycling and solid waste figures on a quarterly basis. They can only serve residents on Wednesdays and/or Fridays to reduce the wear and tear on City streets.
ISD 196 has a resource management contract through Allied Waste which covers the collection of trash and recyclables at all elementary, middle and high schools and also food waste at elementary schools. Dakota County also has a Resource Management Contract for the Western Service Center, which includes the Galaxie Library.
Chapter 24 17.1(b) of the City Legislative Code requires separation of recyclables from trash. WLSSD has a very detailed disposal guide on their website that covers most household waste. Owners of multiunit dwellings are required to provide removal of solid wast and recyclables (24-17 (a))).
All solid waste haulers must be licensed by the city to operate (24-9).
The City of Duluth has a contract with WM that provides for recycling at public parks as well as city buildings.
In May of 2012, the City of Fridley adopted city-wide single sort recycling. The RFP for a single hauler for the contract, which runs from 2012 through the end of April in 2019 was issued for 65 gallon containers.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
City-wide recycling is better coordinated and has increased slightly each year since implementing city-wide single sort recycling.
Shakopee per (Ord. 893, 10-7-2014) requires the separation of recyclable materials from garbage. The zoning code (151.108 - #8) has specific space and licensed refuse collector requirements for garbage and recycling in multi-unit residential and commercial buildings; bulky items and yard waste are accepted for an additional charge either for one-time pickups or annual subscription. The Scott County Household Hazardous Waste Facilities also accepts bulk items and the SMSC Organics Recycling Facility accepts yard waste and other organics. The City provides solid waste reduction, reuse, and recycling information and instructions from Republic Services as well as the MPCA’s recycling information on its garbage and recycling page. Recycling is required per contract to be taken to Dem-Con Material Recovery.
Republic Services is the contracted City hauler for residential properties and has provided waste data including recycling totals per ton, recycling breakdowns per material (as a percentage of total waste and in tons per material), and waste collection of trash/recycling/yard waste in tons going back to 2017. In 2018, there was a slight reduction in recycling rates for 8 out of the 12 months and an overall reduction in compared to the year before; however, in 2019, there are 7 out of the 12 months where the recycling rates increase contributing to the overall increase of 5.38% from 2017. These trends are reflected in the decrease of the recycling breakdown in 2018 and increases in 2019. Republic Services also offers yard waste subscriptions and bulky item pickup upon request. The City employs a planner responsible for coordinating sustainability practices and policies as well as parks and recreation staff that manage day-to-day operation of recycling in public facilities.
Recycling containers are in public buildings, parks, and athletic facilities; multi-unit recycling containers are required and information is posted by haulers in multi-unit residential dwellings.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
The City of Shakopee has a participation rate of 96% in the recycling program.
In 2018, Shakopee collected 2,649.63 tons of recycling and 1,580.12 of yard waste in tons; in 2019, the amount of recyclable materials collected increased by 150.511 tons to 2,800.14 tons and yard waste collected increased by 557.71 tons to 2,137.83 which came out to a 5.38% and 26.09%, respectively, increase from the previous year.
The city collaborates with Sibley County and Tri-County Waste for solid waste and recycling needs. Components include weekly on-site recycling service, a yard waste site, hazardous waste drop-off, curbside brush removal/chipping, and event recycling.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
The City of Arlington reinstated its Arlington Clean-Up Day on June 25th this year and saw over 400 residents partake in the program. Not only were vendors on-site to take appliances, computers, waste oil and other recyclables, the City assumed three dumpsters of trash and household items.
Dakota County has elements of a Resource Management contract for the County's building waste. The contract is with Troje and covers the collection of trash and recyclables from all county buildings and facilities, including those in Eagan. County facilities in Eagan facilities include: Wescott Library, 1340 Wescott Road; Lebanon Hills Regional Park Schulze Beach, 832 Cliff Rd; and Lebanon Hills Regional Park Maintenance Shop, 1075 Butwin Rd,
ISD 196 has a Resource Management contract with Allied Waste. This contract covers the collection of trash, recyclables at all elementary, middle and high schools and also food waste at elementary schools.
The City of Hastings has a contract with our Hauler, Tennis Sanitation, which helps us recycle at all city buildings, parks, and city-sponsored events. We currently divert waste through the option of recycling. Tennis Sanitation provides us with quarterly reports Our Hastings Civic Arena currently has the option of composting organics to divert trash. Our Environmental assistance grant helps with educational outreach and provides organics bins.
There is free recycling drop off at all five of the transfer stations on the reservation. Schools have their own recycling through contracts and all of the casinos promote and follow through with recycling efforts.
City building are included in the City wide recycling program. They are charged a flat rate per unit (building)that is collected in the contact not based on volume like normal waste recovery contracts. In 2012, over 13 tons of recyclable material was collected in city parks and facilities by Tennis Sanitation.
The city of Maplewood also has the option for local businesses and schools to opt into a recycling program within the city. For assistance with implementation as well as grant funding for implementation the city works with BizRecycling who provides free services for businesses and institutions in Ramsey and Washington Counties.
The city is working on re-sizing bins as well as rolling out organics collection options with businesses.
The city of Maplewood also works with Minnesota Wastewise to decrease the amount of waste in city facilities.
The city partners with Hennepin County for solid waste and recycling needs. Components include curbside recycling, recycling and waste disposal education, yard waste site, special material drop-off, bulky waste curbside collection, and event recycling (recycling at Duk Duk Daze and Farmers Market and organics collection at the Lions Club corn feed). New Hope's recycling participation in 2016 was 92% in 2016 and 92.5% in 2017. The city has set a goal of averaging 450 pounds recycled per houshold per year between 2016 and 2020. The city averaged 592 pounds in 2016 and 519.6 pounds in 2017.
The City of Pierz has designated one solid waste hauler for the City. They remove residents solid waste and take it to our designated waste processing facility in Morrison County. We have created a solid waste ordinance to control how solid waste is disposed of. We have a signed contract with our designated hauler.
Saint Paul Public School District and charter schools manages reduction/recycling programs for public schools. Private schools manage their own waste.
Recycling opportunities at municipal facilities including, but not limited to: libraries, fire stations, municipal athletic complexes, regional and neighborhood parks, recreation centers, operations facilities/complexes, pools and golf courses are managed by multiple departments and divisions. Como Park Zoo and Conservatory manages their solid waste and recycling separately. Most of these facilities have centralized containers and/or hub centers for staff to bring recyclables. Materials are collected by Eureka Recycling from the centralized containers or hub centers. Currently we do not have good documentation of separate weights for materials coming out of these facilities.