Best Practice Action Detail

Best Practice Action 10.3

GreenStep City Best Practices: Land Use
Design for Natural Resource Conservation No. 10

Adopt development ordinances or processes that protect natural systems and valued community assets.

Best Practice Action 3

For cities within metropolitan areas, incorporate woodland best management practices addressing protection of wooded areas into zoning or development review.

1 star Adopt woodland BMPs as performance standards within development regulation, protecting wooded areas during the development process. This action is focused at the subdivision level and protection of tree stands (consistent with best practice planning action 6.4). Individual tree preservation ordinances should be reported under BP action 16.5
2 star Identify high-value woodland areas within the community and adopt performance standards that maintain the natural system integrity of the woodland stands, supporting comprehensive plan action 6.4
3 star Conduct an MLCCS natural resource inventory (consistent with action 1 of this best practice) and write natural resource design standards that protect woodland areas at the subdivision level, ensuring green corridor connections between individual stands or natural resources of different types.

Who's doing it

Burnsville - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Burnsville has a Woodland Preservation Packet & Zoning Woodland Overlay District. The best management practices are listed in the attached PDF.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Sue Bast (City staff) | basts@ci.burnsville.mn.us | 952-895-4524
Partners:
Chanhassen - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 1991
Implementation details:
Since the early 1990's, the city's Comprehensive Plan as well as Zoning and Subdivision ordinances all prioritize the preservation of woodlands. The Comp Plan highlights the potential for greenways on undeveloped land where woodlands are present and can serve as future green corridors and the importance of woodlands being preserved in tact as a habitat and community resource. The Subdivision ordinance puts a premium on woodland preservation and requires an inventory and protection plan in addition to conservation easements to ensure permanent protection of the areas. Where existing woodlands are removed or there is a loss of trees that would otherwise be used to meet the canopy coverage retention requirement, the developer shall develop a woodland replacement plan. The zoning code encourages non-residential development to preserve woodlands as buffers to adjacent land uses and when tree planting is requiring placing trees in groupings as extensions of existing woodlands.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jill Sinclair (City staff) | jsinclair@ci.chanhassen.mn.us | 952-227-1133
Partners:
Minnetonka - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
In 2008, the City of Minnetonka adopted the tree protection ordinance into the zoning ordinance. By City Code §300.28, Subd. 19 the purpose of the tree protection ordinance is to preserve to the largest practical extent possible as many of the city’s highly valued tree natural resources, ecosystems and view sheds while still allowing reasonable development to occur and not to interfere with a property owners reasonable use of their property. The tree protection ordinance restricts the amount of unnecessary tree loss by requiring mitigation for the removal of trees outside of the basic tree removal area. The basic tree removal area is 20 feet surrounding buildings. More restrictive tree removals and protection standards for subdivisions are implemented within woodland preservation areas. These areas are defined as ecosystems that are at least two acres in size and qualify and generally meet the criteria of one of several defined ecosystems within the ordinance and are mapped in the city’s Minnesota Land Cover Classification System. For more information please review the attached ordinance.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Drew Ingvalson (City staff) | dingvalson@eminnetonka.com | 952-939-8293
Partners:
Wyoming - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2009
Implementation details:
The City of Wyoming has a landscaping and woodland preservation ordinance that requires landscaping plans in zoning and development review as well as setting minimum requirements.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Frances Duncanson (City staff) | fduncanson@wyomingmn.org | 651-272-5504
Partners:
Arden Hills - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2008
Implementation details:
The Protected Resources chapter of the Arden Hills 2030 Comprehensive Plan includes a Natural Resource Inventory Map that is meant to help develop regulations to protect significant natural resources and to help make informed development decisions in places where significant resources are present. The Natural Resources Inventory Map includes several priority protection areas that include diverse woodland habitats.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Mike Mrosla (City staff) | mmrosla@cityofardenhills.org | 6517927822
Partners:
Edina - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Tree Preservation Ordinance #2014-25 was published 3-25-15 and goes into effect 7-1-15.The purpose is to preserve trees during the redevelopment process while still allowing reasonable development to occur and not to interfere with a property owners reasonable use of their property. The ordinance restricts the amount of unnecessary tree loss by requiring mitigation for the removal of trees outside of the basic tree removal area. The basic tree removal area is 10 foot radius of the building pad, deck or patio of a new or remodeled building as well as a 5 foot radius of driveways and parking areas. In these areas no mitigation is required.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Tara Brown (City staff) | tbrown@edinamn.gov | 952-826-1621
Partners:
Mankato - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City of Mankato, with work overseen by the Environmental Committee, created, adopted, and enforces a Woodland Preservation ordinance. Proposed developments are reviewed for impacts to defined Wooded Areas as per the ordinance, and specific impact/replacement plans are required for review and consideration prior to any action being taken by Planning Commission or City Council for formal review/approval of development. Impacted trees must be replaced at minimum 2:1 ration.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Molly Westman (City staff) | mwestman@mankatomn.gov | 507-387-8571
Partners:
Saint Cloud - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City of St. Cloud has adopted in the Land Development Code (Zoning Ordinance) a Woodland Best Management Practice ordinance. This section identifies specific practices that should be followed when proposing development or redevelopment in a wooded area. These practices seek to protect large areas of forests, protect large and historic trees, avoid fragmenting forests, protecting understory, control exotic species and protect trees during construction among others.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Liz Kramer (City staff) | elizabeth.kramer@ci.stcloud.mn.us | 320-255-7226
Partners:
Scandia - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
City Code includes a section on Woodland and Tree Preservation. A Woodland Preservation Plan is required whenever significant trees or woodlands exist in a proposed construction zone.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Neil Soltis (City staff) | n.soltis@ci.scandia.mn.us | 651-433-2274
Partners:
Shakopee - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City Of Shakopee has a Tree Preservation Policy with the intent of regarding natural features such as woodlands and bluffs as part of the community's identity, attracting residents and businesses to the area. City Council recognizes that not protecting these assets would have a quantifiable economic, social and environmental loss. An objective of the city's comprehensive plan is to preserve, enhance, and maintain natural wooded areas within the city. The policy aims to achieve this objective by encouraging responsible land development through rewarding those who use creative site design and minimize the impact to existing landscape and neighborhood character.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Kyle Sobota (City Staff) | ksobota@shakopeemn.gov | 952-233-9349
Partners:
Shoreview - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Yes the City's Environmental Standards section of the Municipal Code (209) outlines tree preservation standards for new development and redevelopment:
Development shall be conducted so that the maximum number of trees, in particular landmark trees, are preserved by the clustering of structures in existing cleared areas and natural clearings, and the utilization of other site design techniques. Design of the site and construction activities shall be conducted in a manner to avoid likely injury to Landmark Trees.
A tree preservation plan shall be submitted. This plan shall identify the trees to be preserved on the site and the methods to be employed to insure that the identified trees are not damaged during construction. These methods must be acceptable to the City. Tree replanting plans are also required.

Tree protection measures are monitored throughout the construction process to ensure compliance.

The City is beginning a tree inventory in 2013.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Ellen Brenna (City staff) | ebrenna@shoreviewmn.gov | 651-490-4665
Partners:
Woodbury - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Municipal Code Sec 27 Division 4 is Protection of Woodlands and provides “Tree Protection Standards” for developing and non-developing properties. The tree ordinance requires that replacement trees be planted when trees are removed during the development process.

As stated in Sec 27-40 (m), there is an incentive to protect contiguous wooded areas that include a large proportion of significant trees, the city will allow the following:
(1)Density transfer. Contiguous wooded areas shall be platted as outlots and dedicated at no cost to the city. These areas can be utilized for a density transfer or for a reduction in gross development area subject to area charges. Some or all of the density associated with the dedicated area may be transferred for use elsewhere in the project area at the sole discretion of the city consistent with an approved planned unit development in accordance with chapter 24, article IV. If allowed density for the outlot area is transferred elsewhere within the development, the outlot area will remain as part of the gross developable area for the purpose of calculating area charges, park dedication and other development fees. If the density transfer is not used, dedicated outlot areas will be subtracted from the gross development area for the purpose of calculating area charges, park dedication, and other development fees. Density calculations will be documented with a recorded document for future reference.
(2)Unit bonus. Projects that provide for dedication of contiguous wooded areas to the city over and above normal park dedication requirements may be eligible for a density bonus in accordance with the city's adopted density bonus policy.

Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jennifer McLoughlin (City staff) | jmcloughlin@ci.woodbury.mn.us | 651-714-3522
Partners:
Apple Valley - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
City Code Chapter 152 - Natural Resources Management provides requirements for protecting natural areas including trees and wetlands. The code has strict requirements related to replacement of trees removed in connection with development and land disturbing activities.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Charless Grawe (City staff) | CGrawe@ci.apple-valley.mn.us | 952-953-2508
Partners:
Cottage Grove - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Our Code specifies performance standards regarding tree removal in subdivision development. Tree inventory, sampling, and plans must be submitted with initial plan when tract of land requires.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Partners:
Duluth - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2010
Implementation details:
Individual stands are protected under UDC 50-25.
Subdivision design protects "natural resources… to the degree practicable" under UDC 50-33.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Adam Fulton (City staff) | afulton@hermantownmn.com | 218-729-3618
Partners:
Eden Prairie - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
A Tree Protection Ordinance exists in the city code within Chapter 11, Section 11.55. Developers must mitigate loss of trees and natural space during development. Tree impact is reviewed as part of the development review process for all projects.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Tania Mahtani (City staff) | tmahtani@edenprairie.org | 952-949-8413
Partners:
Farmington - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City Code was revised on May 16, 2011 to incoporate a Woodland and Tree Preservation ordinance in order to protect trees in proposed developments.
Outcome measures/metrics:
The new ordinance will provide for the protection of stands of trees and protect large speciman trees within the development when it begins again.
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Adam Kienberger (City staff) | akienberger@ci.farmington.mn.us | 651-280-6820
Partners:
Inver Grove Heights - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2007
Implementation details:
The City code states that land alterations should maximum the amount of woodland preserved city-wide. Preliminary plat submissions are also required to identify trees by species, diameter, and condition. Woodland removal thresholds are set for all zoning districts. If developers remove more trees than the allowed threshold, they are required to plant new trees based on the City's reforestation standards (2007).

The Northwest Area's NRI identifies, classifies, and prioritizes protection of natural resources including woodland areas. The Northwest Area Ordinance (2008) and storm water erosion control plans protect woodland, wetlands, and storm basins by limiting disturbance based on the ordinary high water mark of public water.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Ally Hillstrom (City staff) | ahillstrom@invergroveheights.org | 651-604-8511
Partners:
Jordan - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The zoning code 154.11(M) addresses woodland preservation.

http://jordanmn.gov/city-government/city-code/
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Nathan Fuerst (City staff) | nfuerst@jordanmn.gov | 952-492-7929
Partners:
Maplewood - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Maplewood created a ordinance for the protection and preservation of their trees in the fall of 2006. Provided are some of the goals of the tree preservation ordinance.

"The city desires to protect the trees and woodlands in the City of Maplewood. Trees and woodlands provide better air quality, scenic beauty, protection against wind and water
erosion, natural insulation for energy conservation, and are beneficial in watershed management.
Trees and woodlands also provide wildlife habitat, privacy as screening, act as natural sound and
visual buffers, and increase property values. It is therefore the city's intent to protect, preserve,
and enhance the natural environment of Maplewood and to encourage a resourceful and prudent
approach to development in the city; thereby, promoting and protecting public health, safety,
and welfare of the citizens of Maplewood."

The City of Maplewood's large amounts of parks and open spaces make it difficult to fully monitor all land use. There has been a large amount of work done at understanding usage and high priority areas. This can be seen within Section 6 of the comprehensive plan concerning Parks, Trails and open Spaces as well as Chapter 7: concerning Natural resources. The integrity of these spaces is one of the main reasons that the city puts in so much effort into green practices as a whole.

Links to Maplewood Comprehensive Plan Chapters 6&7:
http://www.ci.maplewood.mn.us/DocumentCenter/View/1481
http://www.ci.maplewood.mn.us/DocumentCenter/View/1482
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Shann Finwall (City staff) | shann.finwall@maplewoodmn.gov | 651-249-2304
Partners:
New Hope - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2015
Implementation details:
The city adopted a tree preservation ordinance in 2015. Section 4-3 (d) (4) of the City Code protects and preserves trees when new commercial, industrial, multiple family, and institutional development takes place.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jeff Alger (City staff) | jalger@ci.new-hope.mn.us | 763-531-5119
Partners:
Newport - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2012
Implementation details:
The City of Newport has several tree preservation ordinances, including Chapter 28, Sections 36-514, and 36-516.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Deb Schulz (City staff) | dschulz@newportmn.com | 651-459-5677
Partners:
Richfield - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Section 544.03, Subd.3 and 4 of the Zoning Code -landscaping and screening requirements - include extensive requirements for the identification and protection during development of existing on-site trees via landscape plans. Woodland areas, like Wood Lake Nature Center, will never be developed and will continue to be protected.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Melissa Poehlman (City staff) | MPoehlman@richfieldmn.gov | 6128619766
Partners:
Saint Anthony - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City of St. Anthony has a vigorous forest management program. Tree preservation to the maximum extent is woven throughout the City ordinances. The City ordinance also specifies tree plantings in Section 152.182 - Landscaping.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jay Hartman (City staff) | jay.hartman@ci.saint-anthony.mn.us | 612-782-3314
Partners:
Saint Louis Park - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
City always implements land use requirments for projects that trigger ordinance. Tree Preservation and landscape preservation points and incentives area applied.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Amount of trees preserved as well as the number of trees replaced, as a start.
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Emily Ziring (City Staff) | eziring@stlouispark.org | 952-924-2191
Partners:
Victoria - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City adopted a tree preservation ordinance to consistently preserve the City's natural environment. The City's tree preservation ordinance requires developers to preserve and or replace trees they removed when developing an area.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Madison Fox-Christensen (City staff) | mfoxchristensen@ci.victoria.mn.us | 952-443-4219
Partners: