Best Practice Action Detail

Best Practice Action 22.2

GreenStep City Best Practices: Environmental Management
Sustainable Consumption and Waste No. 22

Increase waste prevention, reuse and recycling, moving to a lower-consumption, more cyclical, biological approach to materials management.

Best Practice Action 2

Address concerns over consumer products and packaging through encouragement/implementation of one or more of:

a. Education on needless consumption, waste prevention and alternatives, including product stewardship / producer responsibility.
b. Reuse options.
c. Recycling / composting options.
d. Credits, fees.
e. Mandates, bans.

  • Learn more about how we make, use, and throw away stuff at the Story of Stuff project. For the best, most educational household-level consumption-based GHG calculator, suitable for posting on city waste management/reuse/recycling pages, see the CoolClimate Network carbon footprint page.
  • Product stewardship means that all parties involved in designing, manufacturing, selling and using a product take responsibility for environmental impacts at every stage of that product's life. Cities, acting through their county, have played a role in state legislation requiring manufacturers to share in the financial and physical responsibility for collecting and recycling products - including electronics and paint - at the end of their useful lives. When manufacturers share the costs of recycling products, they have an incentive to use recycled materials in new products and design products to be less toxic and easier to recycle, incorporating environmental concerns into the earliest phases of product design.
  • See for example the St. Louis Park Zero Waste Packaging ordinance of 2017 that mandates food establishments to place take-out food in packaging that can be recycled or composted. State law is evolving in this area and includes 2017 state legislation prohibiting cities (and a Minneapolis ordinance) from banning any type of bag — paper, plastic or reusable.
  • During 2019 Lyon County will be working with the city of Marshall to collect clean Styrofoam from businesses and industry and then prepare it for transport/recycling by use of a polystyrene densifier.
  • Product Bans and Restrictions (MPCA: 2016) is a guide for local policy-makers and examines impacts of bonuses, fees or bans on the sale or distribution of specific products from an environmental perspective.
1 star Post the CoolClimate household-level consumption-based GHG calculator on a city solid waste/reuse/recycling page; education on reuse, recycling, composting; in-store recycling of thin plastic bags & sale of reusable bags; non-traditional recycling/collection for reuse (e.g., ink cartridges, shoes, batteries, clothes). Note that, under the Who's doing it tab, cities that have no star next to their entry are cities that entered, before 2018, an internal city operations recycling/composting action, which is now covered by action 22.1 and has been replaced by this current action on consumer products/packaging.
2 star Public drinking fountains that encourage refilling water bottles; city ordinance on in-store fees on plastic & paper bags; credits for use of reusable bags.
3 star City mandated recyclable/compostable egg cartons, to-go packaging; bans on plastic straws; county or city collection of clean Styrofoam from businesses and industry and use of a polystyrene densifier.

Who's doing it

Saint Louis Park - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2013
Implementation details:
A Zero Waste Packaging Ordinance went into effect on January 1, 2017, and requires that all single-use food packaging used by licensed food establishments be recyclable or compostable. The City has been recycling in our parks for over 6 years with much success. We hired Randy's sanitation to pick up a dumpster (whenever full) of park recycling gathered from most City parks.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Tonnage of recycling collected from parks per year.
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Jim Vaughan (City staff) | jvaughan@stlouispark.org | 952-924-2699
Partners: Hennepin County, RAM
Edina - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
A 15% municipal waste reduction goal is sought. To determine how effective Edina's waste reduction strategies are and to establish a baseline, City Council updated city code 1300 on 11-15-11 to require all licensed haulers to report quarterly the pounds of waste being removed from Edina. Edina will begin to have an estimate of its baseline waste in April 2012, when the first waste reports become available. Municipal waste reduction strategies include:
1) Establishing a Recycling Bin Task Force in February 2012, which recommended recycling bins in all major parks (these were provided in Lewis Pk and Pamela Pk as well as scattered areas of Braemar Pk prior to the task force)
2) Complete - Reduce municipal paper use & junk mail by the City Recycling coordinator requesting that the City address be removed from mailing lists
3) The City began organics recycling at some facilities in 2012. Effective 1-1-13 organics recycling will be included in the municipal facility solid waste and recycling contract
4) Implement a facility-wide policy to reduce the use of bottled water. The City Purchasing Policy discourages the use of bottled water.
5) Implement facility-wide policy on using compostable table ware once the new municipal facility contract including organics is implemented on 1-1-2013.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Solvei Wilmot (City staff) | SWilmot@ci.Edina.MN.US | 952-826-0463
Partners:
Fridley - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2018
Implementation details:
The City of Fridley has information within the Recycling section of its website on how to recycle items that are not accepted curbside such as styrofoam and plastic bags.

The City also has a staff person able to answer questions on how to dispose of certain items. Approximately 2 questions are answered per week.

The City increased its bulky item recycling events from 3 per year to 6 per year in 2018 and incorporated free, secure paper shredding.

Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Partners:
Lexington - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
We are currently above the required 50% and on well on our way to 75% that will be required by 2030 imposed by Governor Dayton as of 1/1/2016
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Brenda Beaudet (City Staff) | brenda.beaudet@cityoflexingtonmn.org | 763-784-2792
Partners:
Moorhead - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
On November 15th, 2017, the City's A Day Without a Bag Campaign promoted reusable bags as well as highlighted where plastic grocery bags can be recycled at Cash Wise Foods in Moorhead.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Dan Mahli (City staff) | dan.mahli@cityofmoorhead.com | 218-299-5314
Partners:
Richfield - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
Target in Richfield provides in-store plastic bag/film/wrap and MP3, cellphone, and ink responsible recycling. Wood Lake Nature Center provides year-round battery recycling as well as various events which facilitate the collection and re-use or recycling of old shoes and clothes.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Karen Shragg (City staff) | kshragg@richfieldmn.gov | 612-861-9366
Partners:
Warren - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2017
Implementation details:
1 Star
- Educational outreach on waste prevention and new city-wide recycling program
-Implementation of a city-wide curbside recycling program
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Shannon Mortenson (City staff) | shannonm@warrenminnesota.com | 218-745-5343
Partners:
Bloomington - Pending
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The City of Bloomington provide resources on options for reuse and recycling. Additionally, the City will be opening three organics drop-off locations in April of 2018.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Steve Gurney (City staff) | sgurney@BloomingtonMN.gov | 952-563-4606
Partners:
Duluth - Pending
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2010
Implementation details:
The Duluth City Council is considering an ordinance that would add a 5 cent fee to plastic bags, excluding SNAP or WIC recipients.
Western Lake Superior Sanitary District (WLSSD) provides a detailed disposal guide for most household items on their website. They also have basic How-To guides for recycling household organic waste, and for people who don't want to compost themselves there are 7 drop off points for organic waste throughout the city of Duluth.
Whole Foods Coop in eastern Duluth and the Miller Trunk Highway Target as well as other businesses recycle plastic bags. WLSSD accepts printer ink cartridges, rechargeable batteries, lithium ion batteries, and many other materials at their Household Hazardous Waste Facility, in addition to recycling bins at certain retailers.

Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Alex Jackson, Energy Coordinator (City staff) | ajackson@DuluthMN.gov | 218-730-4433
Partners:
Fergus Falls - Pending
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed:
Implementation details:
The Otter Tail County Solid Waste Department is working with businesses to recycle cardboard. The City of Fergus Falls operates a curbside recycling service that picks up office paper/cardboard products.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Len Taylor (City staff) | len.taylor@ci.fergus-falls.mn.us | 218-332-5418
Partners: Otter Tail County
New Hope - Pending
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2019
Implementation details:
The new new police station/city hall is equipped with several water bottle filling stations that count and display the number of plastic bottles that have been saved as a result of its use.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jeff Alger (City staff) | jalger@ci.new-hope.mn.us | 763-531-5119
Partners: