The Planned Unit Development Ordinance from the 2009 Minnesota Model Ordinances for Sustainable Development provides guidance for emphasizing mixed use and residential-commercial adjacency. Some cities also incorporate a menu of community benefit requirements (via "amenity points"): a list of development flexibility options from which a PUD applicant can select. Each community benefit is assigned points, and the applicant must achieve a sufficient number of points in order to be considered for flexibility on zoning conditions. The menu of benefits includes a variety of sustainability options such as electric vehicle charging station requirements in large commercial or mixed-use developments (Golden Valley: 2017), green building certification, on-site renewable energy, geothermal-based HVAC systems, energy efficiency higher than the state building code, bicycle and transit amenities, use of car sharing programs for residents/businesses.
The American Planning Association published a 2007 inexpensive guide to Planned Unit Developments that offers ordinance examples and addresses legal and statutory issues.
See guidance on increasing EV charging in cities from Drive Electric Minnesota.
Ordinance allows mixed uses.
Ordinance: requires residential-only PUDs to be adjacent to commercial development or to be served by frequent transit; requires/gives amenity points for conduit to facilitate future EV chargers; addresses other sustainability features.
Ordinance: requires a mix of uses; requires EV charging ability in residential/commercial buildings.
Who's doing it
Burnsville - 3 star
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Burnsville allows for mixed development in its Public Utility District, Heart of the City District, MIX district and R3c District. The MIX district requires mixed uses.
The city recently approved a new apartment complex to be developed next to a commercial area, in a central business zone. They were granted a PUD of up to 54 units per acre, which is above the allowed 20 units per acre in the ordinance.
The Tartan Crossing PUD provides for a compact, walkable, mixed-use development along a key corridor and gateway of Oakdale. Tartan Crossing was formerly a blighted, mostly abandoned shopping mall which was purchased and demolished by the city in 2011 to make room for this mixed use PUD area. The focus of the area is a mix of residential, commercial, and retail uses. The 92-unit Waters of Oakdale senior living facility began construction in 2013, and the city is actively pursuing a mix of commercial and retail uses to fill out the remainder of the site.
Identified in the City Code and also on the adopted Zoning Map, the MX “Mixed Use” District is specifically designed to fully utilize the potential of the PUD as it pertains to mixed-use development. Under Purpose and Scope, it states: “Through the planned unit development conditional use permit process, provide for a mix of complementary and supportive land uses within the project area” (Section 24-147, paragraph a.1)
As part of Coon Rapids' Special District ordinances, Port Districts are defined. Port or Port District is a defined zoning district created to encourage development or redevelopment based on a defined theme. Section 11-903 includes Port Districts to promote unified development and revitalization of designated areas. This includes mixed use development, unifying urban design themes, higher-density residential developments around commercial, historical and recreational land use and innovative designs. This is also part of the Coon Rapids Blvd Framework Plan
The City's PUD regulations in the Zoning Code allow mixed uses. All residential PUDs are adjacent to commercial and transit nodes. Although the PUD regulations do not specifically require adjacency, for a development to be consistent with the Comp Plan, it must comply.
Bemidji has specific procedures for PUDs and CICs that emphasize mixed-use development.
For example, on page XI-6 of section 1103D, the code specifies that "developers are encouraged to provide a mixed use, residential and commercial, development when replacing former high density, industrial and commercial uses."
To see the full plan, click on the jpb's website above then click the left-hand tab "Ordinances, Maps & Agreements," the link to the most recent plan should be highlighted from there.
5/1/15: Lake Bemidji South Shore Development, General Planned Unit Development project: Adopted November 6, 2009. PUD guidelines available through City Hall.
PUDs can be used for mixed use development.
Mixed Use-Planned zones can have a variety of residential and commercial uses. All development is required to encourage walkable, bikeable communities through layout and design. Developers are allowed to apply for variances from code if such changes would facilitate the preservation and protection of natural resources, support a higher level of sustainability than required by code, allow for the creation of bike trails and lanes, or accommodate for linkages to mass transit.
Edina has a PUD ordinance in City Code 850.05 to allow flexibility from standard zoning in exchange for strengthened City control over development. Edina also has Mixed Development Districts defined in City Code 850.14.
This is described in Section 30-1584 in the Municipal City Code. The purpose of the mixed use Elk River Plaza district is to codify the planned unit development into a single zoning district with three subsections: Commercial, single-family, and multiple-family.
Land Use: In 2010, we revised our zoning ordinances by having public hearings and changing ordinances to reflect a mixed land use. We re-drew our industrial,commercial and residential areas zone lines. We added in the geographic areas that represented a newly annexed part of the old Grand Rapids Township.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
We have clearly defined areas for development of commercial and residential
In 2013, the City updated its Planned Unit Development (PUD) ordinance. The original ordinance was typical in that it was geared towards the development of large parcels of land (minimum of two acres). As a fully developed City our challenges lie in allowing for the redevelopment of small parcels, especially commercial parcels. The ordinance revision allows the City Council to work with owners of challenging parcels of any size in a PUD format to achieve the best outcome for the owner and the City.
Legacy Village in Maplewood is a planned unit development that emphasizes mixed use development. It is a residential planned unit development that is adjacent to commercial development. The Gladstone project is also a planned unit that will mix residential and commercial development areas. This development will meet the International Green Construction Code adopted by the city for both buildings as well as sites management. This includes energy, stormwater and water management, building envelopes, and indoor air quality. This unit will also be near trails as well as other transit opportunities. This area is a major target for the City's CIP.
The city's City Center zoning district was created in 2013. It encourages a mixture of residential, commercial, office, and civic uses in the City Center area to enhance its function as the heart of the community. It is designed to utilize the potential of the PUD as it pertains to mixed-use development.
In 2000 the city established a planned unit development section in it's zoning ordinance that allows for the establishment of mixed use developments. The city has also created some mixed use commectial zoning districts that allow for residential uses.
Article 11.2 of the St. Cloud Land Development Code identifies the purpose, standards and procedures for Planned Unit Development (PUD) Districts with the City of St. Cloud. The PUD District provides a mechanism for development that would otherwise not be allowable within a given zoning district by allowing exceptions to bulk, setback, parking, landscaping, loading and sign regulations. In addition, the PUD District is also set up to encourage flexibility in the development of the land by allowing mixed-use development to occur that would otherwise not be allowed using strict residential, commercial or industrial zoning classifications.
The city of Saint Peter has a PUD that allows for mixed uses provided such use meets the intent and purpose for which a planned unit development is permitted. The development plan in the ordinance contain proposed covenants, easements, and other provisions relating to bulk, location and density of permitted structures, accessory, structures and public facilities as may be required for the welfare of the PUD and the city.
Title 10 Chapter 5 identifies and lays out the purpose and intent of PUD's in Sartell. There is the Residential PUD and the Multiple-Use PUD. The PUD allows the city to be more flexible and allow mixed-uses in areas where otherwise it would not be allowable. This district allows for a more flexible regulatory process as compared to standard regulations which are common in traditional zoning districts. The PUD is a joint design process between developers and City officials rather then the city establishing maximum limits for developers. Overall the PUD seeks to promote mixed uses, preserve natural features, conserve open and recreational space, and create an efficient use of land.
The city has a Planned Unit Development (PUD) ordinance in place to emphasize mixed use development. A Planned Unit Development ordinance is a type of building development and a regulatory process. It allows uses such as housing, commercial centers, or industrial parks to be in one development or area.