Best Practice Action Detail

Best Practice Action 9.1

GreenStep City Best Practices Land Use
Efficient Highway- and Auto-Oriented Development No. 9

Adopt commercial development and design standards for auto-oriented development corridors and clusters.

Best Practice Action 1

Establish design goals for at least one highway/auto-oriented corridor/cluster.

  • Minnesota Design Team planning charrettes often address highway corridor design.
  • Community engagement and visioning assistance is available from a number of organizations in Minnesota such as regional initiative foundations.
  • Regional development commissions work with cities on transportation and economic issues common to multiple units of government, and are all linked to from the website of the Minnesota Association of Development Organizations.
  • Training workshops, consultation and local assessments from U-Connect at the University of MN Extension.
  • Health impact data show that air pollution from vehicle traffic is most intense within 300 meters (~1000 feet) of a busy road (defined as any road segment with annualized average daily traffic greater than 10,000 vehicles). See map estimates of the number and percent of Minnesota residents, within each Minnesota census tract (generally between 1,200 and 8,000 people), living within 300 meters of busy roads and consider design and mitigation measures along corridors such as pollutant-trapping trees and vegetation, minimized idling via roundabouts, building air filtration, and residential zoning beyond 300 meters.
1 star Work with community members in establishing design goals or designs standards, publish the standards, and ensure that the standards are provided to everyone proposing development in the corridor/cluster; plan for at least 1 EV charging station.
2 star Adopt an overlay district; in the public process to set design standards, use visual preference tools (such as a door-to-door iPad-enabled survey) to develop both goals and designs; zone residential beyond 300 meters of a corridor with annualized average daily traffic greater than 10,000 vehicles.
3 star Require or provide incentives (design assistance, permit fee reductions, etc) for new development and redevelopment to adhere to the goals and designs.

Who's doing it

Inver Grove Heights - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
In 2010, the Northwest Area Collector Road Study incorporated community feedback to outline where major roads would be within this area. The community was involved through the mail, local newspaper, city newsletter, special meetings, and public hearings.

The City of Inver Grove Heights requires new developments to adhere to the goals and designs of the City code. The head engineer and planner at the City meet one on one with the developers and share a packet of information regarding the city codes requirements.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Ally Hillstrom (City staff) | ahillstrom@invergroveheights.org | 651-604-8511
Partners:
Arden Hills - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City has adopted additional design standards for the B-2 and B-3 Zoning Districts, which are primarily located along County Road E and Lexington Avenue and are two of the main commercial corridors in the City. The design standards address architectural, landscaping, and site design in order to accomplish harmonious and high-quality commercial development. The design standards also emphasize the importance of designing for pedestrian and bicycle access and safety.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Mike Mrosla (City staff) | mmrosla@cityofardenhills.org | 6517927822
Partners:
Burnsville - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Burnsville completed design guidelines for the Interstate 35W corridor as it enters Burnsville from the north, also known as Burnsville's North Gateway District. For the North Gateway Design Guidelines indicates that there were numerous community visioning and planning initiatives that spanned 2 decades including Partnerships for Tomorrow and Vision for Tomorrow (See attached North Gateway Design Standards). When the actual guideline manual and zoning district was developed in 2006, the affected property owners were also involved in the process. The city had also done community wide visioning that concentrated on this north gateway area of the community in preparation for the 1990 and 2000 comp plan updates.
A visual preference study was also done for the North Gateway design guidelines similar to the Heart of the City Design Guidelines process and many of the graphics included in the design manual are from the visual preference presentations that were done as part of the guideline and zoning development process for the North Gateway. (See attached guidelines).
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Sue Bast (City staff) | basts@ci.burnsville.mn.us | 952-895-4524
Partners:
Columbia Heights - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Columbia Heights adopted new design guidelines for the City in 2003. This included guidelines for the Central Ave (Hwy 65) corridor. The Central Ave street-scaping project was also completed in 2003 which included wider sidewalks, safer pedestrian crosswalks, and new tree/shrub plantings.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Jesse Davies (City staff) | Jesse.Davies@ci.columbia-heights.mn.us | 763-706-3706
Partners:
Coon Rapids - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
In 2014, Coon Rapids plans to reconstruct over nine miles of streets. Plans include removing and replacing pavement, damaged curb, driveway aprons and sidewalks. Repairing and placing storm sewers, sanitary sewers and water main facilities is also planned. A major portion of the project includes Coon Rapids Blvd which is a very busy area near businesses and has set design goals. The city website updates residents of current work regularly and provides details.
Part of the City's 2030 Vision Issues and Projects includes specific transportation areas and goals related to work done in the City. Goals include making streets safer for bikes and pedestrians, increased access to public transit, utilizing urban design standards and evaluating intelligent transportation systems.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Colleen Sinclair (City staff) | csinclair@coonrapidsmn.gov | 763-767-6485
Partners:
Fridley - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City of Fridley alongside Anoka County and the City of Coon Rapids developed a corridor study for East River Road (CSAH 1) between Highway 610 in Coon Rapids and Interstate 694. This corridor study is intended to address increased pressure on on East River Road as a result of development and population growth as well as to improve transit and trail connection, improve visual quality, and increase safety.

Goals for the public involvement process included:

Facilitate active and
collaborative participation
by local units of government
2. Help the public to feel
comfortable with the proposed
project and the process of
decision-making
3. Collect public input to make a
better project

A series of three public open houses were hosted as well meetings in each "neighborhood" along the corridor to gather public opinion.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Rachel Workin (City staff) | rachel.workin@fridleymn.gov | 763-572-3594
Partners: Anoka County; City of Coon Rapids
Hastings - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Vermillion Development Guidelines
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
John Hinzman (City staff) | jhinzman@hastingsmn.gov | 651-480-2378
Partners:
Isanti - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Isanti has started to create corridor overlay design goals by providing specific requirement for signage along two of its main corridors which include State Highway 65 and a County Road 5. Signage along these corridors is guided to reduce clutter and as well as encourages economic development that fits the character of the roadway and protects the overall character of the community. The City also participates in the North Trunk Highway 65 Coalition
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Sheila Sellman (City staff) | ssellman@cityofisanti.us | 763-444-5512
Partners:
Mankato - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Mankato utilizes adopted Highway Gateway Overlay District for established corridors.The HGT, Highway Gateway Overlay District, is intended to promote high quality design in Mankato's gateways. The areas included within this district are located at major entryways into the City. Requirements include exterior treatments, specialized setback standards, signage, architecture, and landscaping.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Molly Westman (City staff) | mwestman@mankatomn.gov | 507-387-8571
Partners:
Maplewood - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Maplewood has been actively working on the design goals for the highway corridors of Highway 36 and 61. In 2009, the City of Maplewood prepared an application for federal funding for the construction of the interchange at English Street. In the spring of 2010 it was announced that the project was successful and awarded $7 million in federal funding for construction in 2014. A visual preference survey was conducted to engage the public and agencies in the design process to refine the design.
the English Street project has been completed with the Living Streets policy included in its plan and construction measures.

The city of Maplewood has begun to require the implementation of the Living Streets policy during the planning and the construction of all new construction and renovation street projects except for Principal Arterial roads e.g. 694, Highway 36. Each classification of road will receive a different approach that follows general design standards designated in the Living Streets policy.

Other projects that will be affected by these design goals include the 694 south interchange project, and the County Road B improvement project. Previously completed projects include the Arkwright-Sunrise area renovation, and the Bartelmy/Meyer street project.

Arkwright/Sunrise Link:
http://www.ci.maplewood.mn.us/index.aspx?NID=1151

Link to Living Streets policy:
http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/documents/cs/policy/cs-mn-maplewood-policy.pdf
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Steve Love (City staff) | steve.love@maplewoodmn.gov | 651-249-2404
Partners:
Minnetonka - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City of Minnetonka adopted the PID, Planned I394 District to provide a comprehensive, planned framework for development within the I394 corridor. The PID district encourages high quality development standards for structures within the corridor as these properties are among the most visible within the city. Additionally, the district promotes flexibility in land development and redevelopment in order to utilize newly developed techniques in building and land development while promoting more efficient and effective uses of land. Per the ordinance, master development plans are required for all properties subsequent to its adoption. Additionally, the city has determined that future growth within the PID district should be managed under a framework of development parameters. As such, a development limitation based on p.m. peak hour trip generation is established for all new development. Due to the high visibility of the properties and the evolving redevelopment opportunities, building materials should incorporate facades materials of brick, dimension natural or man-made stone, glass and architectural-grade metal panels and limit the use of stucco and exterior insulated finishing systems.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Drew Ingvalson (City staff) | dingvalson@eminnetonka.com | 952-939-8293
Partners:
New Brighton - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
In 2006 the New Brighton City Council approved a resolution agreeing to the terms and conditions of the Routes of Regional Significance program from the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) State Aid for Local Transportation Group for Project 07-3, Old Highway 8 NW Reconstruction. To coincide with planned and implemented highway improvements the New Brigton Exchange (aka Northwest Quadrant) framework plan was created with design guidelines. To implement these guidelines new zoning regulations were created.
Outcome measures/metrics:
he purpose of the NBE New Brighton Exchange District is to provide an area for an intensely developed mixed use center that will be a vibrant and active place where people can live, work, shop, play and be entertained. The mixture of land uses and design specifications in this ordinance are designed to implement the
principles and guidelines established in the 1999 New Brighton Comprehensive Plan and the Northwest
Quadrant Framework Plan and Design Guidelines, including the placement of buildings, streets, parking areas,sidewalks, and open space. It is acknowledged, that in order to respond to market demands, not every element of the Design Guidelines can be implemented into each development but that every development will meet the spirit and intent of the Design Guidelines. Therefore, flexibility is provided within this Article for the City Council to approve site standards that may vary from the described standards in this Article, but only if it is found that the spirit and intent of the Design Guidelines have been met.
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Craig Schlichting (City staff) | craig.schlichting@newbrightonmn.gov | 651-638-2056
Partners:
Richfield - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City has prepared master plans for two highway corridors: Cedar Ave (MN Hwy 77) and I-494. The vision of the I-494 Corridor/77th Street Plan (12/6/05) is "aimed at helping the community shape future development in the corridor to be more unique and identifiable, urban in character, pedestrian-friendly, economically sustainable and ultimately, more livable." The plan establishes design goals and standards. The City added the Mixed Use Districts in the Zoning Code specifically to implement these policies. All new development projects are required to adhere to road/transportation goals and standards, overseen by the City's Administrative Review Committee.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jack Broz (City staff) | jbroz@richfieldmn.gov | 6128619792
Partners:
Saint Cloud - 2 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City of St. Cloud 2003 Comprehensive Plan identifies design goals for five highway/entryway corridors into the City. The five highway corridors include States Highways 15, 10, and 23, Interstate 94 and CSAH 74. The design goals are a part of the Target Area Plans identified in the 2003 Comprehensive Plan. The design goals include creating a strong sense of arrival into the community, enhancing the corridors with landscaping, lighting, signage and architectural features, including gateway monuments, and landscaping to screen industrial areas and to promote the open space and natural wetlands, prairie and wooded areas surrounding the community. The Comprehensive Plan was developed following extensive meetings with community members and stakeholders to gather input and recommendations before the Plans adoption.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Liz Kramer (City staff) | elizabeth.kramer@ci.stcloud.mn.us | 320-255-7226
Partners:
Apple Valley - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
As part of the upgrade of Cedar Avenue to accommodate bus rapid transit (BRT), a public process was undertaken and design goals were developed that guided the work of the corridor. The completed Cedar Avenue corridor will have landscaping, streetscape elements, decorative lighting, tree plantings, benches, and way finding at key intersections.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Charless Grawe (City staff) | CGrawe@ci.apple-valley.mn.us | 952-953-2508
Partners:
Crystal - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Crystal is part of the Bottineau Boulevard Partnership which has established design goals for the corridor.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Anne Norris (City staff) | Anne.Norris@crystalmn.gov | 763-531-1140
Partners: Hennepin County
Elko New Market - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Through its membership and partnership with the met council and under its own volition, the city has established design goals and standards to account for highway and auto-oriented as published in the city's 2030 Transportation and 2008 Comprehensive Plan.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Mark Nagel (City staff) | mnagel@ci.enm.mn.us | 952-461-2777
Partners: Met Council, Bolton & Menk Engineers and Surveyors
Hutchinson - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The Imagine Hutchinson and Transportation Plans were developed to guide the future growth, redevelopment, and utilization of prime corridors through the City. Extensive public meetings were held to collect input from stakeholders, citizens, and businesses that both utilize and inhabit the areas.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Dan Jochum (City staff) | djochum@ci.hutchinson.mn.us | 320-234-4258
Partners:
Jordan - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Design goals are listed for the Highway Commercial District (C-3) under zoning code section 154.157. There are also Design Standards for the C-2 Downtown Commercial District
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Nathan Fuerst (City staff) | nfuerst@jordanmn.gov | 952-492-7929
Partners:
La Prairie - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Corridor Highway. Our Comprehensive Plan indicates an improvement to one of city streets which connects two State Highways. The plan calls for an adjacent corrider for pedestrian and bicycle traffic. Additionally we will be making arrangements for storm water runoff that will return water to the soil. The design work is completed and funding is in place. the construction of a new roadway with an adjacent 11 foot trail and storm sewer will be constructed in 2015. The plans call for a storm sewer that returns the rainwater to the aquifer using a large french drain as opposed to running the water to the river.
Outcome measures/metrics:
We have been in negotiation with the county to obtain a CSAH status for this city street to be re-built to our standards. We have scheduled a public hearing on this project in July 2011. Itasca County has agreed to designate this street as CSAH. The street will be redesigned to include a safe pedestrian and bicycle corridor and rebuilt in accordance with community input and in accordance with the Comprehensive Plan. The county has agreed to make this street a county state aid roadway and has agreed to reconstruct the roadway in conformance with our comp plan. The county has contracted with our city engineer to design the road and as of 01/01/13 the design work is underway. Once the design work is complete, we will have public meeting. That meeting is scheduled for February 13.
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Partners: Itasca County
Newport - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City included goals for highway development in the 2030 Comprehensive Plan. Additionally, the goals are outlined in Chapter 36, Article V of the City Code. Finally, there are design goals for the MX-3 Transit Oriented District.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Deb Schulz (City staff) | dschulz@newportmn.com | 651-459-5677
Partners:
Red Wing - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The city established Commercial Design Standards in 2010 as an ammendment to the zoning code.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Paul Drotos (City staff) | paul.drotos@ci.red-wing.mn.us | 651-410-6744
Partners:
Rochester - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
Rochester recently did work on County Road 104.the Rochester-Olmsted Council of Governments (ROCOG) has identified in its Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) a network of future arterial corridors which will be needed to ensure the safety and mobility of the traveling public. County Road (CR) 104/60th Avenue has been identified in the LRTP as a key future corridor. It has been identified as part of the outer beltway system around the City of Rochester's urbanized area that is expected to be developed over the next 25 to 30 years. There were 5 design policies created to define the grade and layout of intersecting streets and lots adjacent to the corridor. Policy #1 Design speed- desired speed will be 55 MPH. #2 Design standards- County state aid standards will be followed for lane widths, curvatures, grades and shoulder widths. #3. Median type- Throughout the corridor the predominant median design would be a depressed median with median crossovers limited to one every 1/4 mile. On approached to major intersections a compressed intersection design with raised medians will be considered to facilitate turn lanes and pedestrian crossing and create refuge areas for pedestrians. #4Typical cross section design-The basic design for the corridor will incorporate open ditches on the outside of the travel lanes and a grassed, depressed median to separate the travel lanes. Exceptions to this would be considered at future signalized intersections where pedestrian and bicycle crossing is encouraged. #5 Site grading- Owners or developers who, through a proposed development, site expansion or change of use are initiating grading activity on a property, will be required to grade the site to match the proposed center line profile and cross section for 60th ave. based on the ultimate cross section for the corridor.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jeff Ellerbusch (City staff) | ellerbusch.jeff@CO.OLMSTED.MN.US | 507-328-7132
Partners:
Roseville - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The Comprehensive Plan (2030) states in the Transportation Section (Chapter 5-2), Policy 3.2 "that major traffic volumes should be channeled onto community collector streets, arterials, thus discouraging traffic from passing through residential areas on local streets."
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Ryan Johnson (City staff) | Ryan.johnson@cityofroseville.com | 651-792-7049
Partners:
Sauk Rapids - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City has established design and performance standards for its Golden Spike commercial corridor with its C-3 highway commercial district ordinance. In addition, the City's Comprehensive Plan also identifies design standards for the Golden Spike corridor as well as the 2nd Street North and the County Road 29 corridors.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Marilyn Patterson (Community volunteer) | mpp03@charter.net | 320-258-5300
Partners:
Shoreview - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The goals and policies that follow are intended to strengthen the system by improving accessibility for residents through transportation choice. Highway 96 was a state highway that was turned back to Ramsey County (probably 15 to 20 years ago). When this turnback occurred, the County facilitated a design process involving the Highway 96 communities. Shoreview engaged a citizen group and sought public input in the design of the roadyway through the City.  As a result, the Highway 96 Corridor study was completed which provided some transportation and land use guidelines for the road reconstruction.  Many of the design features that are present in the Shoreview segment of the corridor are a result of that study.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Ellen Brenna (City staff) | ebrenna@shoreviewmn.gov | 651-490-4665
Partners:
Stillwater - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The West Business Park District is a corridor along Highway 36, that has established design guidelines and goals. Design guidelines have been developed to ensure consistent quality design throughout the district. The guidelines are used to review new development proposals and any proposed changes.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File: view file
For more information contact:
Bill Turnblad (City staff) | bturnblad@ci.stillwater.mn.us | 651-430-8821
Partners:
Woodbury - 1 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Implementation details:
The City of Woodbury has developed landscaping guidelines for the City’s major roadway corridors that are implemented for all major roadway construction projects. The City has also developed roadway corridor design principles for major roadways, which includes multimodal transportation considerations, impervious surface controls, and boulevard tree planting requirements.
Outcome measures/metrics:
Descriptive File:
For more information contact:
Jennifer McLoughlin (City staff) | jmcloughlin@ci.woodbury.mn.us | 651-714-3522
Partners: