If 75% of lakeshore remains mainly forested the chance of maintaining lake quality is good, according to the MN Dept. of Natural Resources (2015). But when natural cover falls below 60%, lake water quality begins to deteriorate.
For example, Becker County's 2008 ordinance allows rebuilding on nonconforming (smaller) shoreline lots and requires mitigations defined by a mitigation worksheet and booklet.
The National Flood Insurance Program’s (NFIP) Community Rating System (CRS) was implemented in 1990 as a voluntary program for recognizing and encouraging community floodplain management activities exceeding the NFIP’s minimum standards. Any community that is in full compliance with the NFIP’s minimum floodplain management requirements may apply to join CRS. Communities are rated in Classes 9 to 1, and flood insurance premium rates for individuals in the community are increasingly discounted (in 5% increments) as communities move from Class 9 to Class 1, to reward community actions that meet the three goals of the CRS, which are: (1) reduce flood damage to insurable property; (2) strengthen and support the insurance aspects of the NFIP; and (3) encourage a comprehensive approach to floodplain management. The CRS is a good program for communities that have many existing structures in FEMA-mapped "high risk floodplains," which have a 1% annual chance of flooding areas and are in the "100-year floodplains.
Have a shoreland ordinance approved by the DNR or one consistent with state-wide shoreland standards (MR 6120.2500-06120.3900); register for the NFIP's Community Rating System (CRS).
Adopt the Alternative Shoreland Standards or similar alternatives reviewed and consistent with recommendations of the DNR Area hydrologist that exceed the minimum standards of the DNR shoreland rules; be recognized in the CRS at a class rating of 8 through 4.
Document 60-75% forested shoreland; achieve 2 Star rating and include one or both of: (1) a menu of mitigation measures, one or more of which to be attached to shoreland variances; (2) provisions for restoration of shore impact area and vegetative buffer with permanent protection for all new shoreland development; be recognized in the CRS at a class rating of 3 through 1.
Who's doing it
Duluth - 3 star
Date action report first entered:
Date of last report update:
Year action initially completed: 2010
Within the Unified Development Code, the Natural Resources Overlay restricts uses along all lake and river shorelines to protect fragile ecosystems and reduce damage from flooding and erosion. Restrictions apply to lands within 1,000 feet of Lake Superior or within 300 feet of rivers and streams and special permits are required before construction, grading, or removal of natural vegetation.
The City has a shoreland management ordinance (Section 11.65 of City Code) approved by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. All new shoreland development or alteration requires protection or restoration of shore impact area including a vegetative buffer. In the case of new development, the dedication of permanent conservation easements over a significant portion of the shoreland is required.
The City enforces a Shoreland Ordinance that complies with the Mn state shoreland statute standards. We consider mitigation measures that promote infiltration to offset added impervious surface on a parcel.
The City adopted a shoreland ordinance in 2010 to manage the effect of shoreland and water surface crowding, to prevent pollution of surface and groundwater in and around the City, to provide ample space for subsurface sewage treatment systems, jto minimize flood damage, and to maintain the natural charistics of shorelands and adjacent water areas.
Grand Marais is an active member of the North Shore Management Board, a joint powers board charged with overseeing development activities in the Lake Superior shoreland area; property that lies between Lake Superior and a line that is 300 feet inland from Highway 61 or a line that is 1,000 feet from Lake Superior, whichever is greater. The North Shore Management Board and the ordinances documented by the Board are the legal equivalent of the Minnesota Shoreland Rules, and the ordinances are considered the equivalent of Shoreland ordinances administered in the rest of the State.
Section 300.25 of the City Code, Shoreland Overlay District, provides regulations for shoreland properties. The overlay district consists of: (1) land containing or abutting public waters and assigned a shoreland management classification by the MN DNR or the city of Minnetonka; (2) land located within 1,000 feet from the ordinary high water level of a lake; and (3) 300 feet from the OHWL of a tributary creek. The ordinance restricts minimum lot area to 22,000 square feet for riparian lots; minimum water frontages at the lot line and minimum setbacks for principal and accessory structures from the OHWL.
Section 4-25 of the City Code establishes a Shoreland permit overlay district. The boundaries of the Shoreland permit overlay district within the city consists of the first tier of riparian lots abutting a protected lake or tributary identified in subsection 4-25(b) of the City Code.
The City of St. Cloud has adopted a Shoreland Overlay District ordinance as a part of the Land Development Code (LDC). The Shoreland Overlay District governs the permitted and conditional uses, standards, bulk requirements, alterations and design criterias.
City Code § 118-169 refers to the Shorelands ordinance. The ordinance was created “in the interest of the public health, safety and welfare to provide guidance for wise development of shorelands of public waters and thus to preserve and enhance the quality of surface waters, preserve the economic and natural environmental values of shorelands, and provide for the wise utilization of water and related land resources of the state”.
Additionally the City has a Mississippi River Corridor Ordinance (§118-167) “to prevent and mitigate irreversible damage to the Mississippi River Corridor, to preserve and enhance its value to the public, and to protect and preserve the Mississippi River Corridor”.
Chapter 24, Section 148 of the City Code, Shoreland Overlay District, provides regulations regarding shoreland areas. In addition to the MN DNR standard requirements, the City of Woodbury requires that 150 ft of riparian area from the OHWL of most city lakes be dedicated to the city at the time of development for use as parkland.
Freeborn County has a shoreland ordinance in compliance with state-wide shoreland standards. This ordinance applies to all bodies of water in Freeborn County as classified in Section 5 of the attached ordinance.
The City has adopted Shoreland Regulations within its Zoning Code (Section 1330). The purpose of the regulations is to preserve and enhance the quality of surface waters, preserve the economic and natural environmental value of shorelands, and provide for the wise use of waters and land resources. These goals are achieved through regulating the area of lots, the length of water frontage suitable for a building site, and structure setbacks; regulating alteration of shorelands and wetlands of public waters; control natural environmental areas of ecological value to maintain existing aquatic, vegetation, and wildlife conditions; and promote the use of native vegetation as a means to increase stormwater infiltration, provide natural view sheds, and screen structures and parking areas as view from public waters.
Section 11.66 Shoreland Overlay District.The uncontrolled use of shorelands of the city affects the public health, safety and general welfare not only by contributing to the pollution of public waters, but also by impairing the local tax base. Therefore, it is in the best interests of the public health, safety and welfare to provide for the wise subdivision, use and development of shorelands of public waters. The Legislature of Minnesota has delegated responsibility to local governments of the state to regulate the subdivision, use and development of shorelands of public waters and thus preserve and enhance the quality of surface waters, conserve the economic and natural environmental values of shorelands and provide for the wise use of waters and related land resources. This responsibility is hereby recognized by the city.
The City has a Mississippi River Corridor Critical Area Overly District. The ordinance's intent is to conserve the natural resources of the Corridor and provide for the compatibility of different land uses and the most appropriate use of land throughout the Critical Area. The ordinance is compliant with the Metropolitan Council's "Recommendations for Critical Area Designation of the Mississippi River Corridor." The City also has a Floodplain Management and Wetland Management subsection in its zoning code. The regulations in that subsection comply with the National Flood Insurance Program codified as 44 Code of Federal Regulations Parts 59-78.
Ord 4.33 & 11.65. See Shoreland Overlay District at: http://library1.municode.com:80/default-test/template.htm?view=browse&doc_action=setdoc&doc_keytype=tocid&doc_key=4138e7b8ecf7f1dfdbf8dafc2d0db5cf&infobase=13070
The City of Elk River has an extensive ordinance that covers the use of land within 1,000 feet of public waters within city limits. It includes size and shape of lots; the use, size, type and location of structures on lots; the installation and maintenance of water supply and waste treatment systems; the grading and filling of any shoreland area; the cutting of shoreland vegetation; and the subdivision of land. It is outlined in section 30-1963 of the city code.
The City's Shoreland Ordinance was adopted in 2002. The DNR was part of the ordinance review and provided comments to the ordinance. The Shoreland Ordinance meets the requirements of the legislature of Minnesota by delegating responsibility to local governments of the state to regulate the subdivision, use and development of the shore lands of public waters and thus preserve and enhance the quality of surface waters, conserve the economic and natural environmental values of shore lands, and provide for the wise use of waters and related resources. The city of Farmington hereby recognizes this responsibility.
The City has a State designated trout stream - Vermillion River.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
The Shoreland Ordinance meets the requirements of the legislature of Minnesota and provides for the protection of shores in the community and the enhancement of stormwater ponds.
The City of Inver Grove Heights adopted a Shoreline Ordinance for all public waters within the city (City code: 10-13B). This Ordinance is in accordance Minnesota statutes chapter 103F, Minnesota regulations parts 6120.2500 to 6120.3900, and the planning and zoning enabling legislation in Minnesota statutes chapter 462.
Isanti has a Rum River Scenic Overlay District (Section 11 of the Zoning Code) in place to to provide for the preservation and protection of the Rum River within the City of Isanti, as required by Minnesota Statutes, Section 104.31-104.40 (as amended), and Minnesota Rules parts 6105.0010 - 0250; 6105.1400 - 1480; and 6120.2500 - 3900.
Lake Crystal adopted a shoreland management ordinance in accordance with the DNR sample ordinance, in February 1992. This ordinance repealed an older shoreland management ordinance that was adopted in 1983.
The City of Maplewood has a Wetlands Ordinance that has been in use for many years. A Shoreline Ordinance is included within that document and is consistent with the DNR rules concerning shoreline management.
(Please see attachment) The unregulated use of shorelands in the City affects the public health, safety and general welfare not only by contributing to pollution of public waters, but also by impairing the local tax base. Therefore, it is in the best interests of the public health, safety and welfare to provide for the wise use and development of shorelands of public waters.
62.1000 SHORELAND DISTRICT:
The uncontrolled use of shorelands within the City of Rochester, Minnesota, affects the public health, safety, and general welfare not only by contributing to the pollution of public waters, but also by impairing the local tax base. Therefore, it is in the best interests of the public health, safety and welfare to provide for the wise subdivision, use and development of public waters. The Legislature of Minnesota has delegated this responsibility to local governments within the state. This responsibility is hereby recognized by the City of Rochester.
Rosemount's Shoreland regulations are detailed in Section 11-7-2 of the City Code. The purpose and intent of the Shoreland Overlay Regulations to impose restrictions in addition to those required by the underlying zoning for the protection of shoreland areas, the preservation and enhancement of the quality of surface waters and the wise utilization of water and related land resources.
The City's critical area rules (Chapter 68) protects river but no shoreland ordinance for lakes. The City's Comprehensive Plan Water Chapter (p. W23, Policy 2.20) explains why City hasn’t adopted a shoreline ordinance. Furthermore, the Park & Rec Plan seeks to establish an individual plan to protect the water quality of each water body in a City park. (p. PR18, Policy 3.11)
The City adopted an ordinance limiting the removal of vegetation along the shoreline. Limited vegetation removal is allowed for a view corridor provided no more than 50 feet or one-half the lot width is removed, whichever is greater.
Year action initially completed: Shoreland Regulation 2001, Flood Plain Overlay District 1974
Shoreland Overlay District
The City adopted a shoreland overlay district in the early 2000s. The shoreland overlay districts includes information on percent allowable impervious, permissible uses, setbacks, lot sizes, and allowable accessory structures, etc.
Floodplain Overlay District
Savage has participated in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) since 1974. On January 19, 2021, the City council adopted the new FEMA maps that were updated in 2011 with the final letter of determination being received by the City on August 12, 2020.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
Adoption of shoreland regulations results in the protection of habitat, water quality, and the preservation of property values. It minimizes the resources a community might need to spend on shoreline restoration or water quality improvement projects.
Flood Plain Overlay District
Communities’ participation allows property owners to purchase flood insurance. Flood insurance is a requirement for properties where the principal structure is in a flood hazard area and there is a federally secured mortgage.
Yes, Section 209 of the Municipal Code regulates the altering of bluffs and removing trees.
The City's Shoreland Management regulations apply to all properties located within 1,000 feet of a protected water body. These requirements protect the lakes and streams located within the City from overcrowding, pollution, and other undesirable conditions, while maintaining property values, views and the natural character of the shorelines.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
The City adopted a Shoreland Ordinance in 1992, and the regulations have been amended and implemented since. The Ordinance has been approved by the MN DNR.
Shorewood first adopted Shoreland Management regulations in the 1980's. The regulations have been approved by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources and have been updated and continually implemented.
The City of Victoria adopted a shoreland ordinance for the property that abut the lakes and tributaries within the City in 1993 and amended the ordinance in 2002. The shoreland ordinance is aimed at protecting the City's lakes and water quality. The lakes and ponds within the City are protected by a buffer zone.
West St Paul has many small wetlands and water bodies throughout the City. The shoreland of these water bodies consist of both public and private land. The City understands the need to regulate its public waters due to the affects on public health, safety and general welfare of the City, and therefore have an ordinance in place for shoreland management.
On February 19th, 2019 the Wyoming City Council adopted Ordinance 2019-01 amending City Code Chapter 40 Article IV Definition of Terms and Article VI, Zoning District Provisions; Division 16 Shoreland District. This ordinance is based on the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Model Shoreland Management Ordinance which is consistent with Minnesota shoreland management rules (6120.2500 – 6120.3800). The provisions of this ordinance shall apply to the shorelands of Public Water bodies as defined by Minnesota Statutes, Section 103G.005, Subd. 15 and 15a, and as classified in Section 40-314 of this ordinance. The ordinance regulates the administration of the ordinance, establishes the shoreland classifications and land uses, establishes special land use provisions, establishes dimensional and general performance standards, establishes performance standards for public and private facilities, establishes regulations for vegetation and land alterations, and provisions for subdivisions, platting, and planned unit developments.
Outcome measures/metrics/money saved:
The desired outcome of this ordinance is to improve local water quality, quantity, and re-vegetate shoreland.